The Canonical Orthodox Old Roman Catholic



The following clerics &/or religious or lay persons, are listed for having incurred censure from their canonical ordinary i.e. superior in church law. It is often the case that such persons are persistent offenders and apt to apply to other jurisdictions after censure without either informing their proper superior or without informing their prospective superior of their past censure. The purpose of this page therefore, is to make hierarchs aware of censured clerics either to assist them in assessing the suitability or requirements for incardination of a cleric or be directed where to find more information about a candidate. It may also assist all the clergy and faithful to charitably encourage repentance and reconciliation of listed persons with their canonical superior.  

Medicinal and spiritual punishments imposed by the Church on a baptized, delinquent, and contumacious person, by which he is deprived, either wholly of in part, of the use of certain spiritual goods, until he recover from his contumacy. The loss of the juridical status of a cleric does not mean that a person becomes "unordained," but rather that he loses the right to the lawful exercise of orders and he loses all the privileges and obligations of a cleric. The most significant effect of the loss of the clerical state is the prohibition from exercising the power of orders and the subsequent deprivation of all offices, functions, and any delegated power.

The primary and proximate end of censures is to overcome contumacy or willful stubbornness in order to bring back the guilty person to a better sense of his spiritual condition; the secondary and remote end is to furnish an example of punishment in order that other evil-doers may be deterred. Contumacy is an act of stubborn or obstinate disobedience to the laws; but it must imply contempt of authority; i.e., it must not only be directed against the law, but must also, generally express contempt for the punishment or the censure attached to the law. (Lehmkuhl, Cas. Consc., Freiburg, 1903, no. 984.) Ignorance of the threatened punishment or grave fear would, therefore, generally excuse a person from incurring censure; under such circumstances there can be no question of real contumacy. Since contumacy implies obstinate persistence in crime, in order to become liable to these punishments a person must not only be guilty of crime, but must also persist in his criminal course after having been duly warned and admonished. This warning (monitio canonica), which must precede the punishment, can emanate either from the law itself or from the ecclesiastical superior or judge. Contumacy can therefore occur in one of two ways: first, when the delinquent does not heed the warning of his ecclesiastical superior or judge, addressed to him personally and individually; second, when he violates a law of the Church with full knowledge of the law, and of the censure attached, in the latter case the law itself being a standing warning to all (Lex interpellat pro homine).

Persons under censure


CATULLO Giovanni


Interdictum "personale"

Interdicted (aka Alessandro Landerset)

Suspensioni "a divinis" totalis

Suspensioni "a divinis" totalis

Interdictum "personale"

Interdictum "personale"

Interdictum "personale"


Interdictum "personale"

Interdicted (aka Liborius Demennites)

Suspensioni "a divinis" totalis

interdictum "personale" 

Suspensioni "a divinis" totalis

Suspensioni "a divinis" particularis

Suspensioni "a divinis" particularis


Vitandi (Lat., ‘persons to be avoided’). The technical term used of those excommunicated persons with whom the faithful are advised to avoid i.e. have nothing to do with. 

Excommunication (Latin ex, out of, and communio or communicatio, communion — exclusion from the communion), the principal and severest censure, is a medicinal, spiritual penalty that deprives the guilty Christian of all participation in the common blessings of ecclesiastical society. Being a penalty, it supposes guilt; and being the most serious penalty that the Church can inflict, it naturally supposes a very grave offence. It is also a medicinal rather than a vindictive penalty, being intended, not so much to punish the culprit, as to correct him and bring him back to the path of righteousness. It necessarily, therefore, contemplates the future, either to prevent the recurrence of certain culpable acts that have grievous external consequences, or, more especially, to induce the delinquent to satisfy the obligations incurred by his offence.

Suspension "a divinis" the cleric concerned is prohibited from using the "sacrum potestas" (sacred power) of his holy Orders, i.e. if a priest he is forbidden to celebrate or administer the sacraments, say Mass, hear Confessions etc, or if a bishop to ordain etc. The prohibition may be total or partial e.g. a priest may not exercise any priestly office at all "totalis" or e.g. a priest may be restricted to say Mass privately by himself but prohibited from doing so for a congregation "particularis". 

Interdict an interdict "interdictum" is an ecclesiastical censure that prohibits certain active Church individuals or groups from participating in certain rites. Those under personal interdict "interdictum personale" are forbidden to be present themselves at any religious rite except the preaching of the word of God. While mere attendance ("passive assistance," with "assistance" being an obsolete translation of Latin adsistere/assistere ["be present"; cf. the modern Italian equivalent and its Spanish cognate asistir]) by them did not require that they be expelled, if they were well known to be under interdict they were to be prevented from taking an active part.


The Apostolic Canons or Ecclesiastical Canons of the Same Holy Apostles is a collection of ancient ecclesiastical decrees concerning the government and discipline of the Early Christian Church, first found as last chapter of the eighth book of the Apostolic Constitutions and belonging to genre of the Church Orders. They are presented here to demonstrate and example the commonality of the mind of the universal Church since the earliest days to confirm and discipline the clergy.

Canon X. If anyone pray in company with one who has been excommunicated, he shall be excommunicated himself.

Canon XI. If anyone who is a clergyman pray in company with a deposed clergyman, he shall be deposed too.

Canon XII. If any clergyman or layman, who has been excommunicated, or who has not been admitted to penance, shall go away and be received in another city without commendatory letters, both the receiver and the one received shall be excommunicated.

Canon XIII If he has been excommunicated, let his excommunication be augmented, on the ground that he has lied and that he has deceived the Church of God.

Canon XIV. A bishop shall not abandon his own parish and go outside of it to interlope to another one, even though urged by a number of persons to go there, unless there be a good reason for doing so, on the ground that he can be of greater help to the inhabitants there, by reason of his piety. And even then he must not do so of his own accord, but in obedience of the judgment of many Bishops and at their urgent request.

Canon XV. If any Presbyter, or Deacon, or anyone at all in the Sacerdotal list, abandoning his own province, departs to another, and after deserting it entirely, sojourns in another, contrary to the opinion of his own Bishop, we bid him to officiate no longer; especially if his Bishop summons him to return, and he has not obeyed and persists in his disorderliness, he may, however, commune there as a layman.

Canon XVI. If, on the other hand, the Bishop with whom they are associating, admits them as clergymen in defiance of the deprivation prescribed against them, he shall be excommunicated as a teacher of disorder.

Canon XXVIII. If any Bishop, or Presbyter, or Deacon, who has been justly deposed from office for proven crimes, should dare to touch the liturgy which once had been put in his hands, let him be cut off from the Church altogether.

Canon XXXI. If any Presbyter, condemning his own Bishop, draw people aside, and set up another altar, without finding anything wrong with the bishop in point of piety and righteousness, let him be deposed, on the ground that he is an office-seeker. For he is a tyrant. Let the rest of the clergymen be treated likewise, and all those who abet him. But let the laymen be excommunicated. Let these things be done, after one, and a second, and a third request of the Bishop.

Canon XXXII. If any Bishop excommunicates any Presbyter or Deacon, these men must not be incardinated by anyone else but the one who excommunicated them, unless by a coincidence the bishop who excommunicated them should be deceased.

Canon LXVIII. If any Bishop, Presbyter, or Deacon accepts a second ordination from anyone, let him and the one who ordained him be deposed. unless it be established that his ordination has been performed by heretics. For those who have been baptized or ordained by such persons cannot possibly be either faithful Christians or clergymen.

Proving however that the principle "Salus animarum suprema lex" (the salvation of souls is the supreme law)...

Canon LII. If any Bishop or Presbyter shall refuse to welcome back anyone returning from sin, but on the contrary, rejects him, let him be deposed from office, since he grieves Christ, who said, "There is joy in heaven over a single sinner who repenteth".


Regrettably there are a great many people who for a variety of reasons, sometimes innocently, sometimes misguidedly, sometimes wilfully misrepresent themselves as Old Roman Catholic clerics. The following are notorious and persistent offenders who, despite having been several times admonished, persist in misrepresenting themselves:
JOHNSON Rutherford: calling himself "the Patriarch of the Old Holy Roman Church of the English Rite (Anglican Rite Roman Catholic Church)" falsely claims that his sect is "an Old Roman Catholic Patriarchate with Anglican tradition descended from the See of Utrecht". Johnson's sect is not descended from and shares no history with, any genuine and historical Old Roman Catholic jurisdiction. 
BELL David also known notoriously as ATKINSON-WAKE James: of the sometimes titled “Old Roman Catholic Society of Pope Leo XIII”. The “Society of Pope Leo XIII” has also previously claimed to be a Roman Catholic institution and historically to be a part of the Igreja Católica Apostólica Brasileira, an independent church founded by Dom Carlos Duarte Costa (former Roman Catholic bishop of Botucatu) in Brazil; both assertions have been strenuously refuted by the respective authorities. 

Mgr Marcus Stock, General Secretary of the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of England & Wales was quoted in “The Catholic Herald” (7 September 2012) making similar statements later made by Apostolic Nuncio, Mgr Giovanni D’Aniello on behalf of the Vatican’s Secretary of State to the President of the Brazilian Bishops’ Conference, Cardinal Raymundo Damasceno Assis, that: “…the Pope Leo XIII community is schismatic and as such cannot receive official recognition from the Catholic Church” and that “…bishops ordained in that community cannot carry out a ministry in the Catholic Church as it does not recognise these ordinations… All organisations or associations linked to that society should be treated as one would treat any non-Catholic institution.” (Protocol 1177/12) dated 8 October 2012. Similarly, Archbishop Luis Ladaria Ferrer, Secretary of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith wrote to Bishop Thomas MacMahon of Brentwood stating that David Bell “…must not be allowed to exercise any ministry in the Catholic Church.”

The conclusions of recent determinations by British Law Courts concerning the “validity” or otherwise of “Archbishop David Bell’s” holy Orders not withstanding, the Old Roman Catholic Church like the Roman Catholic Church is not obliged to accept “as valid” for its own purposes, the validity of any sacramental ministrations performed by “Archbishop David Bell” nor of any person ordained/consecrated by him.

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